Website Design by Delinda VanneBrightyn
The K-9 Unit is one of several specialized resource units of TSAR. The canine resource increases search capeabilities beyond the scope of human sensory perception. Canines can discern the scent of one particle in one million. Most humans have approximately 8 million cells inside their nose dedicated to smell. Canines have approximately 120–200 million cells dedicated to smell

Our Canines are cross-trained in two separate canine search modalities: air scent and track/trailing. Canines and canine handlers must undergo a series of evaluations before reaching mission readiness.

The TSAR K-9 Unit trains one day every week to keep this resource at ready and in peak condition. Even with this dedication, it takes 1.5 to 2 years to fully train a mission-ready canine and canine handler, training a minimum of one day each week in the search modality plus addtional obedience, agility and behavioral shaping every day by the individual handler. While all of our dogs are trained in live detection, some of our canines additionally become proficient in human remains detection.

Air scent is generated from air/wind blowing past a person, carrying scent across the landscape for up to several miles. The dog works with his head held high hunting for scent on the wind. This search modality may be conducted through generic search (dog hunts for any human scent in the area) or through scent specific search (dog hunts for a specic scent from a given scent article).

Tracking scent is generated from human scent on the shoe plus the resultant crushed vegitation. Trailing scent is generated from human scent dropped/blown into nearby vegetation as the person walks along. For this search modality, the dog's head is lowered nearer the ground. Tracking/trailing is a scent specific only modality requiring a scent article and a point last seen.

Human Remains Detection is an unfortunate, but important part of how the canine resource serves us. It is one of the important reources we can use to help families reach closure when the unthinkable occurs.


K-9 Zatoichi & Handler Delinda VanneBrightyn

Robert Curran